Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China and the world's third most populous city proper. It is also one of the world's most populous capital cities. The city, located in northern China, is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under the national government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighbouring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China.
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Tian'anmen - (the Gate of Heavenly Peace), is located in the center of Beijing. It was first built in 1417 and named Chengtianmen (the Gate of Heavenly Succession). At the end of the Ming Dynasty, it was seriously damaged by war. When it was rebuilt under the Qing in 1651, it was renamed Tian'anmen, and served as the main entrance to the Imperial City, the administrative and residential quarters for court officials and retainers. The southern sections of the Imperial City wall still stand on both sides of the Gate. The tower at the top of the gate is nine-room wide and five ?Croom deep. According to the Book of Changes, the two numbers nine and five, when combined, symbolize the supreme status of a sovereign. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Tian'anmen was the place where state ceremonies took place. The most important one of them was the issuing of imperial edicts.
The Temple of Heaven -in Beijing is located in Beijing, in the southeast of Beijing WaiCheng. Located in the south of the palace, the south east ZhengYangMen outside. In the eighteenth year of yongle (was built in 1420). Ancient Chinese Ming and qing dynasties emperors, praying. Area for 273 hectares. Qing dynasty emperors used to "good", "the ceremonial buildings. The temple of heaven in Beijing area 272 million square meters, the area is also forbidden palace (,) are two walls wall, and the altar, and major architectural form QiNianDian, huang arch, the space. The building in the vertical axis. The altar round, the symbol of the south north wall round. In the south, the high places round in the north, two good places on the altar with a north-south axis, the middle wall.
Summer Palace-located in the northwest Beijing Haidian District, 15 km from the Beijing City. Covering an area of about 290 hectares, the existing Summer Palace is China's largest, most complete preservation of the imperial garden, the Summer Palace, the palace was originally Qing Dynasty emperors and Garden.
the saying goes, "after the shichahai lake city", also
known as "houhai" Beijing quadrangles old Peking man has
always been a good place for recreation. Because of its
beautiful environment, and the folk custom charm, more
than two hundred years to attract a number of senators,
famous and even the relationship of people here, or
government, or built temples, more sacrifices are added
profound cultural background.